Ancient history hall

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Statuette of Mother-goddess. Altyn-Depe. Ceramics. 2 millenium BC

Ancient history hall includes a collection silicon working tools of Mesolithic period (50 thousand BC) discovered on the site of former primordial people camps in Western Turkmenistan. The neolithic ceramics and ornaments from camps and the first human settlements along foothills of Kopet Dagh. There are also prominent works of archaic sculpture made of clay and metals, rare minerals and bone, withnessing high level of development of early agricultural civilizations of Jeitun, Altyn Depe, Namazga Depe, Anau etc. They constitute the northern complex of ancient oriental culture, well known due to Babylon and Assiria.

Special place in the hall is occupied by Margiana - unique civilization of bronze age discovered by archaeologists in the Karacum desert northwards of the town of Bairamaly, where about 3 thousand years ago fertile delta of Murghab river was located. There were great number of settlements with powerful fortresses monumental sanctuaries. The true documents of that epoch are multiple seal-amulets made of stone copper and bronze with depiction decor, ornaments, cult objects, most of which true masterpieces of ancient art.        

Margiana. Ancient fort Gonur. Diaram in the museum.


Ritual bowl

Ritual bowl. Margiana. South Turkmenistan. Ceramics.  2 millenium BC

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